Substance classification and registration
Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, the EU regulation concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), aims to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, while maintaining the competitiveness of the European chemical industry. Also, it promotes alternative methods for the hazard assessment of substances in order to reduce the number of tests on animals.
REACH regulation requires manufacturers and importers of substances in quantities greater than one ton per year to submit a registration to the European Chemical Agency (ECHA). Companies must identify and manage the risks linked to the substances they manufacture and market in the EU. They must show ECHA how the substance can be safely used, and they must communicate the risk management measures to the users.
Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008, the EU Classification, Labelling and Packaging (CLP) regulation, is based on the United Nations’ Globally Harmonised System (GHS) and its purpose is to ensure a high level of protection of health and the environment, as well as the free movement of substances, mixtures and articles. It ensures that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the EU through classification and labelling of chemicals.
It requires manufacturers, importers or downstream users of substances or mixtures to classify, label and package their hazardous chemicals appropriately before placing them on the market.